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Welcome to official website of the Embassy of  Angola, in the Arab republic of Egypt .  Here you will find various information's about Angola, including travelling and tourism, business, economy and the government of Angola.The embassy of Angola has the noble task to develop and strengthen further the bilateral relation between Angola and Egypt. Namely politics relations as well as the cooperation field of economy and trade, culture, science , research, education and tourism. Your excellency, Antonio da Costa Fernandes is the Angolan ambassador to Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Syria, Oman, Lebanon, Jordan and Yemen.Ambassy


VISAS SECTION

The Consular Section of the Embassy of Angola in the Arab Republic of Egypt has authority to accept visa applReaications for all legal residents in the Arab Republic of Egypt, as in other countries in the region such as Lebanon, Libya. Reamd more

CONSULAR SECTION

The Consular Section of the Embassy of the Republic of Angola in Arab Republic of Egypt has a mission to assist consular Angolan citizens resident in Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Syria, Oman, Lebanon, Jordan and Yemen . Read more ...

TRAVELS TO ANGOLA

Angola cultural etiquette requires you to understand some of the Angolans cultural related issues such as meals, gender equality, stereotypes social and work lives, whose rules may leave you perplexed. Read more...

FOREIGN INVESTMENT

Angola cultural etiquette requires you to understand some of the Angolans cultural related issues such as meals, gender equality, stereotypes social and work lives, whose rules may leave you perplexed. Read more........
  • paulo dias de novais 1 Territory already populated in prehistoric times as evidenced by remains found in the regions of Lunda, Congo and the Namibe desert, only thousands of years later, in full proto-history, people get more organized. The first to settle were the Bochmanes - great hunters, pigmoide height and clear, brownish color.

    In the early sixth century AD, more evolved people, black, technology inserted in the Age of Metals, undertook one of the greatest migrations in history. They were the Bantu and came from the north probably the region of present Republic of Cameroon. These people, when arriving in Angola they encountered the Bushmen and other more primitive groups, imposing their own technology in the fields of metallurgy, ceramics and agriculture. The installation of the Bantu over many centuries, generating several groups that would establish themselves as ethnic groups that have lasted to this day.

    In 1484 the Portuguese landed in Zaire, under the command of navigator Diogo Cão, starting this March the Portuguese began to gain not only Angola but Africa. Already installed the first major political unity of the territory came into history as the Kingdom of Kongo, the Portuguese established alliance. The Portuguese Colony of Angola was formed in 1575 with the arrival of Paulo Dias de Novais with 100 families of settlers and 400 soldiers. Paulo Dias de Novais was the first Portuguese Governor to come to Angola, which had as its main activities exploit the natural resources and promote the slave trade (slavery), forming a large market.

    After 1764, a slave society, it moved gradually to a caring society in producing it consumed. In 1850, Luanda was already a great city, full of commercial firms and exported together with Benguela, palm and peanut oils, wax, glue, wood, ivory, cotton, coffee and cocoa, among other products. Corn, tobacco, dried meat and cassava flour also begin to be produced locally. It was born the Angolan bourgeoisie. .

    In 1836, the slave trade was abolished and in 1844 Angola's ports would be opened to foreign ships. With the Berlin conference, Portugal found itself obliged to effectuate the immediate occupation of its territorial colonies. The territory of Cabinda, north of the river Zaire, was also given to Portugal, thanks to the legitimacy of the Protectorate Treaty of Simulambuko signed between the kings of Portugal and the princes of Cabinda in 1885. After a slow and complicated, the late nineteenth century would mark the organization of a colonial administration in direct relation with the territory and the people to govern. In economics, the colonial strategy was based on agriculture and the export of raw materials. The trade of rubber and ivory plus the revenue from taxes imposed on populations, generated large profits for Lisbon. .

    The end of the monarchy in Portugal in 1910 and a favorable international situation would lead the new reforms at the administrative, agricultural and educational. In economic terms, begins the intensive exploitation of diamonds. The DIAMANG (DIAMOND COMPANY OF ANGOLA) is founded in 1921, but operated since 1916 in the Luanda region. With the state that has extended to the colonies, Angola is now more a province of Portugal (Overseas Province). The current situation was apparently calm. In the second twentieth century of the cartel, this peace would be undermined with the emergence of the first nationalist movements. Starts the formation of political organizations from more explicit of the 50 that were organized in a way making heard their cries. Promote diplomatic campaigns worldwide, fighting for independence. The colonial power would not yield, however, the proposals of the nationalist forces, causing the onset of direct armed conflict, the "Armed Struggle". Highlighted in the "Fight", the PMLA (Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola), founded in 1956, the NFLA (National Front for the Liberation of Angola) was revealed in 1961, and NUTIA (National Union for the Total Independence of Angola ) which was founded in 1966. After long years of war the country achieved independence on 11 November 1975. historia3

    After 27 years of Independence and 41 years since the beginning of the armed struggle, this is the Peace is finally consolidated in April 4, 2002 by the agreements signed in Luena, Moxico. NUTIA 80,000 soldiers lay down their arms and are integrated into civil society, the Angolan Armed Forces and National Police. The NUTIA is transformed into a political party, has a role in the democratic life of the country. The National Reconciliation and the Process Development and Reconstruction Plan is for the Head of State, José Eduardo dos Santos, the main objectives of peace finally achieved in 2002, after long years of struggle and negotiations.

    Since 1992, the first general elections, multiparty democracy ruled Angola. The PMLA together with NUTIA and other political forces in parliament, managed masterfully to rebuild a country of more promising future for all of Africa, however, paradoxically with its natural wealth still live a very harsh reality. As part of an extensive program pushing Angola to modernity, progress and wealth, new elections were held in 2008. The PMLA, which has always ruled since independence, has retained a national identity. They were both presidents of PMLA that Angola has so far had. The first, the founder of the Angolan nation, Dr. Agostinho Neto and the second and current President of the Republic, Jose Eduardo dos Santos, who became, during his investiture in 1979, the youngest president in the continent. On the international scene, Angola has been giving strong support to initiatives promoting peace and resolution of regional disputes, favoring diplomacy in conflict prevention and the promotion of human rights.

     

    Read more about Angola History

     

  • O PENSADOR (THE THINKER)

     opensadorDesignated O PENSADOR (the thinker), the sculpture is one of the most beautiful statues, from tchokwe origins, and now a benchmark of culture inherent to all Angolans, as it is the symbol of the national culture. It represents the figure of an old man that can be a woman or a man. Designed symmetrically, with the face slightly tilted down, and expresses an intentional subjectivism because, in Angola, the elderly occupy a privileged status. The elderly represent the wisdom, the experience of many years and the knowledge of the secrets of life.

    It is said that the thinker has the following origin: in the northeast of Angola there is a basket of divination, called “o ngombo”, and the guesser uses small figures, carved in wood, which will determine the fate of the customer. Interestingly, these are figures that came to inspire the famous national figure - O PENSADOR.

    This image is, today, an emblematic figure of Angola, which appears in the filigree of kwanza, the national currency. It is considered a work of art and native from Angola. Like any emblematic figure of a people, as, for example, " Zé Povinho " in Portugal, "John Bull" in England or the "Uncle Sam" in the United States, O PENSADOR has an "invented” or "conventional" tradition.

    The first figures of O PENSADOR were sculpted in Dundo Museum, in the late TWENTIETH century year 40. In 1947, at the initiative of Diamang, a Diamond Company of Lunda at the time was created in the town of Dundo a traditional art museum and archaeological and ethnographic collections. Employees, mostly Portuguese and Belgian, hired local craftsmen and encouraged them to carve in wood, or to model in clay, figures that were genuinely Angolan but, at the same time, that their approaching shapes of an aesthetic that they be more conventional in western direction.

    Today, one can acquire pieces of O PENSADOR in galleries, stores and craft fairs, in different sizes and materials, as Angola souvenir.


     GIANT BLACK ANTELOPE

     

    Giant blackThe Giant Black Antelope (Hippotragus niger, var.) is the most beautiful African antelope. It is even more appreciated, besides the beauty of the shapes, the fact that it only exists in Angola, and scarce in number, because the species is classified as in serious danger of extinction (IUCN, 1996). Its hunt is strictly prohibited, as a measure of protection.

    These beautiful animals living in small herds of six to twelve individuals attending the edgings and the interior of open Woods, near the water and meadows. Often, people see them alone or in couples.

    The word derives from the agglutination of Hippotragus Greek Latinized "hippo" (meaning horse) and tragus (which means goat or antelope). Yet that has nothing to do with any perissodactyl (horse family), this Antelope has a long tail and full, a Summit long and pointed ears erect and a wide neck and almost vertical, that is reminiscent of the profile of equidae.

     A herd of Black Antelope, on the banks of the Woods who attend, is one of the most beautiful paintings that you can admire in Angola. However, that today it is almost impossible, except in photographs or paintings. After 20 years without being seen, the giant black antelope was rediscovered in 2005, in Kuando Kubango.

    In the past, the black Antelope's horns were used as decorative ornaments. Extraordinarily long and robust, they reach over a meter and a half in length, each forming a semi-circumference by its curvature.

    Currently, the Angola national football team players are known as Black Antelope. 


    WELWITSCHIA

     welwWelwitschia is a genus of succulent plants, consisting of a single species, the famous Welwitschia mirabilis, only found in the desert South of Angola. This species was named from the name of Dr. Friedrich Welwitsch, who contributed to the knowledge of this and many other plants of Angola. Due to its unique features, including its slow growth, the Welwitschia is considered an endangered species and has become a symbol of national culture by its strength and longevity.

    It is a creeping plant, made up of a woody stem that does not grow, a huge Plumb root and two sheets only, from the cotyledons of the seed. The leaves, in the form of wide ribbon, continue to grow throughout the life of the plant, once have the basal meristem. Over time, the leaves can reach up to two meters in length and become ragged at the ends. It is difficult to assess the age that these plants reach, but it is thought that they can live more than 1,000 years.

    A Welwitschia mirabilis é uma planta dióica, ou seja, os cones masculinos e femininos nascem em plantas diferentes. Tradicionalmente, esta espécie foi classificada como uma gimnospérmica (como os pinheiros e plantas semelhantes), mas actualmente é classificada como uma gnetófita, uma divisão das plantas verdes que produzem sementes (espermatófitas).

    The Welwitschia mirabilis is dioecious, meaning male and female cones are born in different plants. Traditionally, this species has been classified as a Gymnosperm (such as pines and plants), but currently is classified as a gnetófita, a division of green plants that produce seeds (seed plants).

     

     

    Read more about Angola Cultures

  • NATIONAL FLAG

    flagThe national flag of the Republic of Angola was adopted in 1975, at the time of the proclamation of Independence.

    The national flag has two colors in horizontal bands. The upper band is red-red and the lower one black and represent:

    Bright red - This color represents the bloodshed by Angolans during colonial oppression, struggles for national liberation and homeland defense.

    Black - This color means the African continent In the Centre, there is a figure made up:

    a) Part of a gear (cog wheel)-symbolizing the workers and industrial production;

    b) by a machete – to symbolize the peasants, agricultural production and the armed struggle;

    c) By a star - symbolizing international solidarity and progress.

    The yellow color of the cog wheel, machete and star represents the wealth of the country.


    OFFICIAL COAT OF ARMS

    brasaoThe emblem of the Republic of Angola is formed:

    a) by a section of a gear (cog wheel) representing the workers and industrial production;

    b) by sheaves of maize, coffee and cotton that represent the peasants and agricultural production.

    c) at the base of the set there is an open book, a symbol of education and culture and the image of the rising sun, which means the new country.

    d) in the Center, are the figures of a machete and a hoe, which symbolize the work and the beginning of the armed struggle.

    e) at the top, the image of a star, symbolizing international solidarity and progress.

    f) at the bottom of the badge, there is a golden Ribbon with the inscription "Republic of Angola".

     

     


    The National Anthem

     

    Ó Pátria, nunca mais esqueceremos
    Os heróis do quatro de Fevereiro.
    Ó Pátria, nós saudamos os teus filhos
    Tombados pela nossa Independência.
    Honramos o passado, a nossa História,
    Construindo no trabalho o homem novo.
    Honramos o passado, a nossa História,
    Construindo no trabalho o homem novo

     

    Coro 

     

    ;

    Angola, avante!
    Revolução, pelo Poder Popular!
    Pátria Unida, Liberdade,
    Um só povo, uma só Nação!

    Levantemos nossas vozes libertadas
    Para glória dos povos africanos.
    Marchemos, combatentes angolanos,
    Solidários com os povos oprimidos.
    Orgulhosos lutaremos pela paz,
    Com as forças progressistas do mundo.
    Orgulhosos lutaremos pela paz,
    Com as forças progressistas do mundo

    Angola, avante!
    Revolução, pelo Poder Popular!
    Pátria Unida, Liberdade,
    Um só povo, uma só Nação!

  • ANGOLA CONSTITUTION

    constitution da angola

    We, the people of Angola, through our legitimate representatives, Members of the Nation freely elected in parliamentary elections in September 2008;

     

    Aware that these elections are part of the long tradition of struggle of the Angolan people for the conquest of their citizenship and independence,

     

    proclaimed on 11 November 1975, when it came into effect on the first Constitutional Law of the Angola’s history, courageously preserved by collective sacrifices to defend national sovereignty and territorial integrity;

     

    Received, through the popular choice and that by virtue of Article 158º of the Constitutional Law of 1992, the noble and unwavering mandate to draw up and agreement to the Constitution of the Republic of Angola;

     

    Aware of the importance and value that it covers the drafting and adoption of the first and fundamental law of the State and the Angolan society;

     

    Noting that the Constitution of the Republic of Angola joins and relates directly to the already long and persistent struggle of the Angolan people, first, to resist colonial occupation, then to gain independence and dignity of a sovereign State and, later, to building, in Angola, a democratic State of law and a just society;

     

    Invoking the memory of our ancestors and appealing to the wisdom of the lessons of our shared history of our ancient traditions and cultures that enrich our unit;

     

    Inspired by the best lessons from the African tradition - the substrate of the culture and identity of Angola;

     

    Coated with a culture of tolerance and deeply committed to reconciliation, equality, justice and development;

     

    Determined to build a society based on equality of opportunity, commitment, brotherhood and unity in diversity;

     

    Determined to build, together, a just society and progress with respect to life, equality, diversity and dignity of persons;

     

    Recalling that the current Constitution is the culmination of the process of constitutional transition started in 1991 with the approval by the People's Assembly, Law nº 12/91, which established a multiparty democracy, guarantees of fundamental rights and freedoms of citizens and market economic system, changes in depth later, the the Constitutional Revision Law nº 23/92;

     

    Reaffirming our commitment to the values and principles of independence, sovereignty and unity of the democratic state of law, pluralism of expression and political organization, the separation and balance of powers of sovereignty,

     

    the market economic system and respect and guarantee of fundamental rights and freedoms of the human, which constitute the structure of this Constitution;

     

    Aware that a constitution as this is, by shared values, principles and standards molded in it, an important factor of national unity and a strong lever for the development of State and society;

     

    Committing ourselves solemnly in strict compliance and with respect this Constitution and aspiring to the same position is the matrix of the behavior of citizens, political forces and all Angolan society;

     

    Thus, invoking and honoring the memory of all the heroes and every one of Angola and Angolans who lost their lives in defense of the Homeland;

     

    generations and in the exercise of our sovereignty;

     

    We approved this Constitution as Fundamental Supreme Law of the Republic of Angola.

     

     

    click here To download the complete file of the Constitution of the Republic of Angola

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ANTÓNIO AGOSTINHO NETO

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